Coverage under the ESI Act, 1948


Under Section 2(12) the Act is applicable to non-seasonal factories employing 10 or more persons.

Under Section 1(5) of the Act, the Scheme has been extended to shops, hotels, restaurants, cinemas including preview theatres, road-motor transport undertakings and newspaper establishments employing 20* or more persons.

Further under section 1(5) of the Act, the Scheme has been extended to Private Medical and Educational institutions employing 20* or more persons in certain States/UTs.

*Note: 14 State Govts. / UTs have reduced the threshold limit for coverage of shops and other establishments from 20 to 10 or more persons. Remaining State Governments/UTs are in the process of reducing the same.

The existing wage limit for coverage under the Act is Rs. 15,000/- per month ( w.e.f. 01/05/2010).


The ESI Scheme is being implemented area-wise by stages. The Scheme has already been implemented in different areas in the following States/Union Territories of Indian Union.


All the States except Manipur, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.


Delhi and Chandigarh

Details regarding Centre wise Implemented Areas as on 31.03.2013 as per Actuarial Branch (.xls format)

Coverage(As on 31st March, 2014)  
No. of Insured Person family units 1.95 Crores
No. of Employees 1.74 Crores
Total No. of Beneficiaries 7.58 Crores
No. of Insured women 0.29 Crores
No. of Employers, etc 6.69 Lacs